The Bristol Beaufighter was developed in about 8 months by using sections from the earlier designed Bristol Beaufort. It was given more powerful engines and a variety of modifications making the aircraft capable of many tasks. It was a night fighter, fighter bomber and torpedo bomber performing anti-shipping duty as well as ground attack and long range interdiction. The different variants, 14 in all, were capable of carrying bombs, torpedoes, rockets, canons and machine guns. The Beaufighter was operated by 11 countries.
In 1919 No. 144 Squadron was disbanded after a brief period of action. In January 1937 the No. 144 Squadron was re-established and equipped with Handley Page Hampdens. In 1943 the 144th received the Bristol Beaufighter that was much more suited to the task of torpedo bomber. In June 1943 the squadron moved to Algeria to operate in the Mediterranean. Three months later the 144th returned to Great Britain. In September 1944, 144 Squadron moved to RAF Banff for anti-shipping attacks near Norway and were disbanded in May 1945.
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